II Workshop about computational tools for palynological studies

Schedule:
Wednesday (27/04/2016) - Open to everyone
 
8:00h Reception and registration of researchers and attendees.
9:00h Opening - Introduction about Rede de Catálogos Polínicos online - RCPol (Dra. Cláudia Inês da Silva, Universidade de São Paulo - IB/USP)
 
9:30-12:00h Lectures - Mediator: Dra. Soraia Girardi Bauermann, Universidade Luterana do Brasil - ULBRA
9:30h State of the art of latin american pollen collections (Dra. Maria de las Mercedes di Pasquo Lartigue, CICYTTP-CONICET)
 
10:00h Coffee break
10:30h Paleopalinology through time (Dra. Marie-Pierre Ledru, Institut de recherche pour le développement)
11:00h Vegetation and climate dynamics in Brazil during the late Quaternary (Dr. Hermann Behling, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen)
11:30h Debate
 
12:00-14:00h Lunch time
14:00h Pollen and plant taxonomy in perspective (Dr. Francisco de Assis Ribeiro dos Santos, Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana - UEFS)
14:30h Forensic palynology at IGc/USP: new paradigm and new methodologies (Dr. Paulo Eduardo de Oliveira, Universidade de São Paulo - IGc/USP)
15:00h Pollen analysis as a tool for ecological studies: the trajectory of Laboratório de Abelhas-IBUSP (Dra. Astrid de Matos Peixoto Kleinert, Universidade de São Paulo - IB/USP)
 
15:30h Coffee break
16:00h Pollination and pollinators conservation in a global scope (Dra. Vera Lucia Imperatriz-Fonseca, Universidade de São Paulo - IB/USP) 16:30h State of the art of palynology at Laboratório Álvaro Xavier Moreira-Museu Nacional/UFRJ (Dra. Vânia Gonçalves Lourenço Esteves, Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro - MN/UFRJ)
17:00h Computer databases and Biodiversity (Dr. Antonio Mauro Saraiva, Universidade de São Paulo - EP/USP)
 
17:30h Closing lecture - Presentation of Bee Care Bayer Program (Cláudia Quaglierini, Bee Care Bayer)
 
Venue: Escola Politécnica da USP, Biênioʼs Building - Cirquinhoʼs Amphitheater - Bloco A - room A1-06 (manhã), room A1-05 (tarde)
Address: Prof. Almeida Prado avenue, travessa 2, nº 128, Cidade Universitária - São Paulo - SP - Brazil
 
Thursday (28/04/2016) - Restricted to RCPolʼs contributors
Website presentation, species identification computational tool presentation, protocols assessment, organization and data entry training for RCPolʼs database.
Venue: Bayer, Building 301 - Ground Floor - Sala de Treinamentos
Address: Domingos Jorge street, 1.100 – Portaria 1 - São Paulo - SP - Brazil
 
Friday (29/04/2016) - Restricted to RCPolʼs contributors
Structuring of RCPolʼs operations; Preparation of RCPolʼs Statute, data quality definition, selection of RCPolʻs members for the Scientific and Technical Councils.
Venue: Bayer, Building 104 - Ground Floor - Salas Diamante e Esmeralda
Addres: Domingos Jorge street, 1.100 – Portaria 1 - São Paulo - SP - Brazil
 
DOWNLOADS

Planetary health: a challenge for public health

A Pró-Reitoria de Pesquisa da Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
O Secretariado da Convenção sobre Diversidade Biológica (CDB) e
O Núcleo de Pesquisa em Biodiversidade e Computação da USP (BioComp)

 

Em colaboração com
A Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS) e a
The Rockefeller Foundation-Lancet Commission on Planetary Health

 

Convidam para o Painel
Planetary health: a challenge for public health
24 de setembro de 2015

 

Embora seja inegável a melhoria da saúde humana, em especial em tempos recentes, a contínua e rápida degradação dos sistemas naturais na Terra coloca em risco a saúde das gerações atuais e futuras. Dois importantes relatórios globais recentemente lançados abordam essas relações e alertam-nos para a necessidade de ação urgente.

O relatório “Safeguarding human health in the Anthropocene epoch”, produzido pela The Rockefeller Foundation–Lancet Commission on Planetary Health demonstra o quanto a atividade humana está pressionando as fronteiras seguras dos nossos sistemas naturais além dos limites requeridos para que a humanidade continue a florescer.

O relatório ‘Connecting Global Priorities: Biodiversity and Human Health’, resultado de uma colaboração entre a Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS) e o Secretariado da Convenção da Diversidade Biológica (CDB), em colaboração com numeroso parceiros e especialistas, examina o estado atual do conhecimento na intersecção entre biodiversidade, ecossistemas e saúde humana, considerando interações em vários níveis, do microbiano ao global. Das relações entre estabilidade dos ecossistemas e a emergência de doenças infecciosas como do vírus Ebola, às conexões entre biodiversidade, diversidade nutricional e saúde. Ao fazer isso, também analisa os impactos de indutores comuns de perda de biodiversidade, degradação de ecossistemas, má saúde, as limitações dos modelos econômicos predominantes de produção e consumo, e pressões compostas – como mudança do uso da terra, mudanças climáticas e poluição - nos limites ambientais.  

Ambos os textos conclamam os atores envolvidos à ação imediata, antes que limites irreversíveis sejam ultrapassados.

Este painel, além de lançar os textos no Brasil, chama atores importantes no cenário paulista e nacional para debater o engajamento de suas organizações nesses temas interconectados, e as ações propostas para abordá-los. Um dos objetivos será discutir um plano de ação integrado para saúde de ecossistemas, humana e planetária, um relatório “Planetary Health – Brazil” e a formação de uma rede de especialistas e instituições brasileiras como parte de uma rede e iniciativa internacional inter-setorial e interdisciplinar.

Este evento será complementado por evento na Fiocruz, no Rio de Janeiro, dia 25 de setembro, o qual dará mais atenção ao relatório conjunto da OMS-Secretariado da CDB.

Exortamos os participantes a lerem previamente os relatórios, para que o principal objetivo do painel, a discussão, seja produtiva. Os relatórios estão acessíveis em:

The report of The Rockefeller Foundation-Lancet Commission, ‘Safeguarding Human Health in the Anthropocene’http://www.thelancet.com/commissions/planetary-health

The WHO-SCBD State of Knowledge Review ‘Connecting Global Priorities Biodiversity and Human Health’https://www.cbd.int/en/health/stateofknowledge 

 

Dados do evento

Dia 24/setembro/2015 das 9:00H as 12:00H

Local: Auditório Prof. Fadigas Fontes Torres, da Superintendência de Tecnologia da Informação, STI - USP

Av. Professor Luciano Gualberto, Travessa 3, número 71.

Butantã, São Paulo, SP

Vagas limitadasInscrições no site http://www2.pcs.usp.br/inscricao/

Os inscritos que estiverem presentes ao evento receberão cópia impressa do relatório ‘Safeguarding Human Health in the Anthropocene’.

Haverá transmissão ao vivo por IPTV-USP (Link estará disponível em www.biocomp.org.br)

Mapa do local

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Apoio:

Escola Politécnica da USP

Instituto de Biociências da USP

Instituto de Estudos Avançados da USP

Faça a sua inscrição através do link:
        http://www2.pcs.usp.br/inscricao/

Link para acessar o debate transmitido via IPTV
http://iptv.usp.br/portal/transmission.action?idItem=29793

folder planetary

WCAMA 2015 – 6th Workshop of Applied Computing for the Management of the Environment and Natural Resources

Dear colleagues and students,

Apologies for multiple postings. Please forward to potential authors.

Due to requests from many authors, the deadline for paper submission has been extended to 26th of April. This is the last extension (hard deadline).

https://wcama.wordpress.com

http://csbc2015.cin.ufpe.br/eventos_descricao/14

CALL FOR PAPERS

The 6th Workshop of Applied Computing for the Management of the Environment and Natural Resources (WCAMA) has the main goal to promote the integration, in an effective way, between computing (methodologies and tools) and environment (politics and management). Natural resources management is a complex and dynamic activity. It demands the integration between actors in the social, political, and technological fields to be effectively developed.

SCOPE

The workshop will cover the whole range of research and applications in methodologies, techniques and computational tools applied to environment management and natural resources, including (but not limited to):

  • Control of air pollution
  • Environmental fragility
  • Environmental monitoring
  • Environmental policies
  • Environmental readaptation
  • Environmental sanitation and waste treatment
  • Environmental sustainability
  • Flooded areas and wetlands
  • Global environmental changes
  • Health and environment
  • Land use and land cover change modelling
  • Landscape ecology
  • Natural and renewable resources management
  • Noise and environment
  • Priority areas for conservation
  • Reduction of gas emissions
  • Society and environment
  • Soil pollution
  • Solid waste management
  • Species distribution modeling
  • Transport and environment
  • Urban ecology

PAPERS FORMAT

WCAMA 2015 will accept two types of submission:

  • Full Papers between 6 (six) and 10 (ten) pages. These papers will be presented orally.
  • Abstract Papers/Software Demonstrations between 2 (two) and 4 (four) pages. This kind of paper must present a specification or proposal of software within the scope of the workshop. These papers will be presented in a demonstration session.

Papers must be written in Portuguese or English, following the Brazilian Computer Society template (http://www.sbc.org.br/index.php?option=com_jdownloads&Itemid=195&task=viewcategory&catid=32). Manuscripts must be submitted without the authors’ names and affiliations (double blind review). Papers that do not follow these procedures will be rejected.

PAPER SUBMISSION

Submission must be electronic using the JEMS system at: https://submissoes.sbc.org.br/home.cgi?c=2264

IMPORTANT DATES

  • April 26th, 2015 – Registration and Submission Deadline (extended)
  • June 03rd, 2015 – Notification of accepted papers
  • June 10th, 2015 – Camera-ready version
  • July 20th, 2015 - WCAMA 2015
  • July 20-23, 2015 – CSBC 2015

INVITED SPEAKERS

  • Alex Bager (Universidade Federal de Lavras - UFLA)
  • Carlos de Oliveira Galvão (Universidade Federal de Campina Grande - UFCG)

CHAIRS

  • Cláudio Campelo, UFCG -  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  • Valéria Cesário Times, UFPE -  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  • Cláudio de Souza Baptista, UFCG -  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  • Marilton Sanchotene de Aguiar, UFPel -  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Safeguarding pollination and other ecosystem services for the future

The value of ecosystem services is often hard to determine, but undoubtedly high in both fragmented and connected landscapes.  A new study in PLoS ONE by Giannini et al. takes a novel approach to calculating how ecosystem services may be impacted by climate change, and how conservation planners can determine focal areas for maintaining connectivity in both current and future conditions.  Using a tropical stingless bee (Melipona quadrifasciata) native to the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, the authors conducted a connectivity analysis to determine how the species range would shift, and where key areas might be impacted in terms of ecosystem services.

bees_methodsThe authors first modeled shifts in bee pollinator range due to climate change by combining distribution models with forecasted climate scenarios.  They then used the resulting distributions to perform habitat connectivity analysis based on graph theory, which allowed them to identify priority areas for conservation and restoration.  The study is the first of its kind to provide an integrated approach for identifying the best areas for conservation and restoration considering dispersal capabilities, habitat connectivity and changes in climate over time using ecosystem services as a study model.

The results not only highlight potential corridors for bees in South America that would safeguard against future climate change, but also provide a methodological framework to help planners identify key areas that will be important in the future.  Conservation needs, for bees at least, are time dependent: areas in the southern part of the bees’ range will be most important in the future, but areas in the northern part of their range are essential to maintain current connectivity.  As bees expand southward, they will bring their pollination services with them.

The framework provides a link between species connectivity modeling and species distribution modeling, resulting in the integration of habitat configuration and climate change effects.  This approach can be useful for planners to determine high priority corridors and other regions to focus on to maintain connectivity.  Supporting ecosystem services under climate change will be critical for maintaining ecosystem balance in the future.

Resources

Giannini, T. C., L. R. Tambosi, A. L. Acosta, R. Jaffe, A. M. Saraiva, V. L. Imperatriz-Fonseca, and J. P. Metzger. 2015. Safeguarding ecosystem services: a mthodological framework to buffer the joint effect of habitat configuration and climate change. PLoS ONE. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0129225.

http://conservationcorridor.org/2015/08/safeguarding-pollination-and-other-ecosystem-services-for-the-future/

 

 

 

Give bees a chance

This blog is part of the Agriculture and Ecosystems Blog’s month-long series on Ecosystem Services.

By Barbara Gemmill-Herren and Hien Ngo

Bees are the world’s most important pollinators, bar none. Increasingly, the global community recognizes that their demise is critical – to both human livelihoods2,3 and the health of ecosystems1.  Honeybee declines are even featured on the cover story of Time Magazine in this year’s August 19th issue, a rare feat for an insect!

 

Photo Credit:
Apis dorsata on mustard in Chitwan, Nepal Photo Credit: Dino Martins

 

But long before, the Convention on Biological Diversity took note of pollinator declines and established the International Pollinator Initiative in 2000.

The initiative recognizes, quite correctly, that honeybees are not the only pollinators in town, or on the farm. Indeed a recent publication by Garibaldi et al. 20132 highlighted the critical, irreplaceable role that wild bees play in agriculture. But, we still need more information on managed and wild bee pollination services, and how they can best be managed in synchrony to provide optimal pollination services.  We need to know more specific information on the extent and causes of pollinator declines, so that we know where we need to focus on reversing such trends.

The Science of Pollination Services in Agricultural Development

Pollination is one of 17 recognized ecosystem services. The production of over 75% of the world’s most important crops and 35% of the food produced is dependent upon animal pollination1.   The services provided by pollination have significant economic value as well.  In the EU, insect pollination has an estimated value of 15 billion euros per year2.

Yet there have been mounting questions about how relevant pollination may be to agricultural development and food security. The vast majority of studies of pollination services to crops have been carried out in Europe and North America; and certainly the problems we know to impact pollinators most severely – a high dependence on agricultural chemicals and monocropped landscapes offering little diet diversity to pollinators – are typical features of industrialised, Northern agriculture.But this concept, of pollination deficits being primarily a concern of Northern, intensified agriculture is being put to a test.

When pollination was recognized as a global concern, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) was able to coordinate the development and implementation of a global project on pollination services. The project was developed in collaboration with seven developing countries: Brazil, Ghana, India, Kenya, Nepal, Pakistan and South Africa.

One of the priorities of this project – as identified by the participating countries – was to develop a protocol to identify and assess pollination deficits from a farmer’s perspective, led by FAO and the Institut National de la Agronomique in Avignon, France.

It has been applied in the seven participating countries, and the results so far suggest that management practices to ensure abundant pollinators can increase fruit sets in mango orchards in Ghana by 35%, improve the production of mustard seed in Nepal by 25%,and increase the canola oil content in rapeseed by 8% in Brazil.

How to assess ecosystem services?

In 2013, the new Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) came into force, the Biodiversity equivalent of the Nobel-Prize winning Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. While IPBES is working out its working modalities, the Government of Norway has taken a look at the pollination deficit protocol developed by FAO, and suggested that a better understanding of how to apply it could give insight into the future work of IPBES.

Thus, the Norwegian Directorate of Nature Management has supported FAO to prepare trainers (Hien included), to train national research partners in five additional countries: Argentina, China, Colombia, Indonesia and Zimbabwe.

As IPBES is intended to be a science-knowledge-policy interface, indigenous and local communities were invited to give input through the Indigenous Partnership on Agrobiodiversity and Food Sovereignty. The project seeks to provide input to IPBES on how indigenous and local communities might differently understand and assess pollinators and pollination services from a purely scientific approach; and also how they will apply the protocol to coffee farms run by indigenous communities in southern India.

Using a common, simple protocol that can be applied and adapted to a multitude of local conditions and systems could be one way for IPBES to approach the assessment of ecosystem services. But what can it add to the value of local assessments?

Meta-analyze that!

Comparing global trends from local assessments in a meta-analysis would be very helpful in gaining a global perspective on pollination deficits. Meta-analysis, could provide a powerful lens through which to analyze the conclusions and outcomes from FAO’s pollination deficit protocol. There is also certainly a need to bring the best research findings to the scrutiny of policy-makers.

Meta-analyzers from around the world held a “working workshop” this past July, in São Paulo, Brazil, where participants prepared an analytical framework and the datasets from eleven countries and eleven cropping systems (from raspberries, to rapeseed, clover, pumpkin and more) for a meta-analysis of pollination deficits.

Questions for Policy Makers

The questions that we believe the combined datasets may be able to address in some measure, are:

  1. How is crop yield related to the number of hives per ha and/or wild-pollinator assemblage (density, richness, evenness, etc.)?
  2. How is the wild-pollinator affected by landscape composition and configuration (e.g. distance to natural habitats) and/or management practices?
  3. How does pollinator and yield stability vary with landscape composition, configuration and management?
  4. How does pollinator density, diversity and the benefits of wild and managed pollinators interact with climatic conditions across years?
  5. How do pollinator assemblages vary across geographic regions and agronomic systems?

The results? Unfortunately, they aren’t that easy to churn out. It will take time, effort and a lot of statistical prowess to draw conclusions from such a large global dataset.

But we have committed to bringing the preliminary results to a meeting of principal researchers and policy makers from a number of the participating countries this September in Kenya. Our intention is to have researchers, policymakers and representatives of indigenous people sit down together and think about possible policy responses to the trends revealed from these questions.

It is too simple to only say “so many hives are needed per hectare for good production”. The number of people keeping hives around the world is in decline; wild bees are often better pollinators than managed bees; pesticides and loss of natural habitat heavily impacts the populations of bees.  Once we know the science, it is in the hands of policymakers and the general public to commit to goal-oriented solutions.

For more information, please www.internationalpollinatorsinitiative.org

This FAO project was funded by the United National Environment Programme, Global Environment Facility and the Norwegian Directorate for Nature Management.

References

1. Klein AM, Vaissiere BE, Cane JH, Steffan-Dewenter I, Cunningham SA, et al. (2007) Importance of pollinators in changing landscapes for world crops. P R Soc B 274: 303–313.

2. Gallai N, Salles JM, Settele J, Vaissiere BE (2009) Economic valuation of the vulnerability of world agriculture confronted with pollinator decline. Ecol Econ 68: 810–821

3. Eilers EJ, Kremen C, Smith Greenleaf S, Garber AK, Klein A-M (2011) Contribution of Pollinator-Mediated Crops to Nutrients in the Human Food Supply. PLoS ONE 6(6): e21363. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0021363

The results from applying the deficit protocol in many sites around the world will be published soon in a special issue of the Journal of Pollination Ecology.

Meta-analyzers at the Sao Paolo conference included: Antonio Saraiva at the University of Sao Paulo and the research center on biodiversity and computing (BioComp); Lucas Garibaldi at the Universidad Nacional de Rio Negro and Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas in Argentina, lead author of the recent Science meta-analysis article on the importance of wild pollinators for crop pollination, and Luisa Carvalheiro, of University of Leeds and Naturalis in the Netherlands. 

About the Authors:

Barbara Gemmill-Herren is a Programme Specialist and Focal Point for the International Pollinator Initiative at the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). She is also a member of the CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystem’s (WLE) Ecosystem Services and Resilience Advisory Group.

Hien Ngo is a PhD student at York University (Toronto, Canada) and is a consultant to FAO on pollination matters.